To be a proficient breeder, the basic concept of genetics is very essential. The pragmatic approach of breeding needs to be preceded by strong theoretical knowledge about fundamentals of selection and breeding. Keeping these objectives in mind, the current book has all the requisite concepts on the relevant topics viz. Indigenous breeds of Cattle, Buffalo, other livestocks, dogs, cats, poultry, Assisted reproductive technologies and Jharkhand State Livestock Breeding Policy among others.Besides the topics as according to current M.S.V.E. 2016 syllabus which includes some very important and relevant topics for the livestock and poultry breederlike economic traits of livestock & poultry, sire indices, selection index, relationship and inbreeding coefficient and their calculations etc., it has theoretical description as well as practical numerical on the subjects. The book delves into the intricate and comprehensive concepts in a very simplified manner to enable the students to understand the subject easily. It has been made concise and to the point to make it comprehensive and useful for the readers. This book is an improvised version of “Practical Manual on Livestock and poultry breeding”, which was a manual without ISBN number and it had Dr. Nandani Kumari as first Author.