The foreign policy of India is based on the principles of Non-alignment and peaceful settlement of international disputes from the very beginning. India declined to be partially either in the soviet camp or in the camp of USA when the world was divided in two power blocs. India has adopted the policy of Non-alignment which clearly means that India believes in International peace and friendly loving countries of the world. Mrs Indira Gandhi has been described as one of the most educated champions of Non-alignment movement and defender of its ideal purposes. During the tenure of Mrs Gandhi, the foreign policy of India was moving around the policy and principles adopted by the predecessors.
The emergence of the Janata Party government at the centre after the 1977 General Election is almost a Historic events of far reaching consequences. Though the Janata Party government did not make any major deviation from the policy pursued the Congress government till February 1977. But we find some perceptible changes so far as preference was concerned.This is evident from the fact that Mr Atal Bihari Vajpayee Foreign Minister and Prime Minister Morarji Desai, a visit to both the countries – the USA and Soviet Union and insisted on keeping equi- distance from both the camps. The Janata Party government established cordial relation with neighbouring countries particularly Pakistan, China, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Afghanistan, Bangladesh etc in the field of diplomatic relations. India is dead against colonialism and imperialism and racial discrimination.